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Pizza Dough

September 27, 2019

Mix in a large bowl:
2 cup hot water
2 tablespoons sugar
2 teaspoons salt (or 1 teaspoon garlic salt, and 1 teaspoon regular salt)
4 teaspoons yeast
4 tablespoon olive oil
1 tablespoon minced garlic
1 tablespoon oregano or Italian seasoning mix
4 cup flour

Add in 1-2 more cup of flour slowly until it mostly stops sticking to the bowl.

Let rise for 3 hours.

World Of Warplanes Tech Tree (Update 2.1)

September 27, 2019


Soviet Union






Warframe Index Guide

July 18, 2019

The Index on Neptune is the fastest way to earn credits in Warframe by a wide margin. Here are some tips to help you maximize your earnings/time. You can unlock it by playing the Glast Gambit quest, which you get by speaking to Ergo Glast of the Perrin Sequence after completing the War Within quest.

The basic gameplay loop is simple:
– Look for enemies. You will spend most of the time doing this as enemy spawn rates are low and fights tend to be fast. Therefore, having a movement speed mod or two is worthwhile.

– Kill enemies as quickly as possible. This requires high burst damage at close range, so shotguns are the best. Pyrana Prime, Tigris Prime, Mara Detron, Opticor, or Vaykor Hek + your favorite melee.

– Turn in points to hit a target at the waypoint. Turn in your points at 5 or 15. 15 is the optimal for bonus points because it gives you +8 for 15. 20 only gives you 10, which is the same as turning in 15 and then turning in 5, but you have to deal with more “Financial Stress” if you carry around 20+.

Financial Stress is the debuff your Warframe gets when you play at higher risk levels or carry more points. It reduces health, shields, and drains your energy. If you have a lot of points, the energy drain can get quite severe, so if you’re playing a DPS frame, let someone else carry and turn in points for your team.

Rhino is the best Warframe for solo play or random teams. It is an energy poor environment, with energy orbs spawning infrequently and energy drain from Financial Stress. Rhino only needs a bit of energy to use Iron Skin and then can keep that armor indefinitely. Rhino doesn’t care what his health or shields are as long as Iron Skin is up.

Atlas can block off the goal with rocks and prevent the enemy team from scoring. This is normally not a big deal as losing is pretty rare, but it’s worth mentioning since it does come in handy.

Mesa is too fragile to carry points, but she has incredible DPS and can defend and kill very effectively.

Loki can use invisibility to survive instead of Iron Skin, but watch out for stray bullets and energy drain. You’ll need to pick up energy orbs and instantly go invisible.

Nova can use Molecular Prime to slow enemies and increase the damage they take. This is only worthwhile if you’re doing multiple waves of high risk runs, as otherwise the enemies never get strong enough to require that level of firepower.

If you have some other Warframe you’ve done very well with, please let me know in the comments.

French Toast Recipe

June 30, 2019

1/2 cup milk
4 eggs
1 tbsp of heavy cream
1 tsp vanilla extract or equivalent
1 tsp salt
1 tsp cinnamon
1/4 cup brown sugar

Wisk in a large bowl.

1 loaf of thick cut, a bit stale bread

Coat pan in 2 tbsp of butter and heat to medium heat (below smoke point).

Soak 4 slices of bread in egg/milk mixture and put onto pan, flipping when light brown. Repeat until you run out of liquid, regreasing pan with butter each time. Get the heat as high as you can without smoking the butter to get a nice caramelized crust to the toast.

Overpopulation Laffer Curve

May 9, 2019

“Division of labor is limited by the extent of the market.” = Adam Smith

Most people think of Smith’s assertion as being about trade or even just about people working on different tasks, but that’s only a part of it. Division of labor in a modern economy is primarily about division of knowledge. Technology itself requires large numbers of people to implement and maintain.

I’m sure most readers have read I, Pencil, but there have been a few projects where an individual actually attempted to make something by themselves. My favorite of these is the Toaster Project. It shows quite clearly just how modern technology requires a large number of people to work properly and how if you want to do something with a small group of people, you need to revert back to older forms of technology. You simply couldn’t create a modern computer with a society of less than 10 million people or so.

Furthermore, not only does technology require large groups to implement, it requires even larger groups to create. You need to achieve high living standards before a significant fraction of your populace can devote their lives to discovery and science, and the further you push into the frontiers of knowledge, the more you need to understand a prerequisite amount of fundamentals before you can make a contribution. As the Simon-Ehrlich wager showed, increasing population does not inherently increase scarcity because as resources become more absolutely scarce, people invent ways to conserve them and thus reduce their per capita need for specific resources.

agricultural share

Even food, which would seem like a hard limiting factor is less constraining than it would first seem. GMOs, better fertilizer, irrigation, more productive crops, and other technological improvements have led to less agricultural land use, lower food prices, and less hunger than in the past, despite much higher world population. Yes, more people mean a need for more food, but those people also farm, fish, and discover new technologies.


Putting all of this together, it seems clear that increasing the world’s population would lead to less scarcity and higher living standards. Not only is overpopulation not a problem, it’s literally the opposite of a problem. There has never been an example of too many people for an area to support. The densest populated areas tend to be the richest areas. Per capita income in Manhattan is much higher than per capita income in Wyoming and not without good reason.

It’s certainly easy to imagine a world where there are so many people that individual living standards fall, but we are no where near such a world. The Repugnant Conclusion has always seems completely silly to me, since by far the most common situation for humanity to be in is where more people would raise the living standards for the average person, so the only sensible conclusion is to maximize the population. There’s no drawback other than triggering humanity hating idiots who’ve never actually looked at economic data and seen the huge positive spillover benefits the average person produces.

simon abundance index.png

Intermittent Fasting and other Diets

April 10, 2019

The time period between 2012 and 2016 was a difficult one for me fitness-wise and I gained a substantial amount of weight, from around 200 lbs up to 235 and almost hit 240. I was very unhappy at that weight and felt powerless to address it, having gone on very difficult calorie-restriction based diets without much success and with unendurable hunger levels. Yes, I guess you could call me weak willed or gluttonous for failing at those diets, but when I went through is not at all uncommon. I believe there is some environmental factor which has made maintaining a healthy weight much more difficult in the last 40 years, and it doesn’t do much good to moralize about it when we are all just meatbags going through various chemical reactions. One person being fat might be a personal failure, but 35% of the population being obese suggests some underlying cause.

From November 2016 to January 2019, I was on a ketogenic diet, albeit with fairly frequent cheat days. Initially, I lost approximately 20 lbs, dipping down to 215 in the summer of 2017. However, from then until the winter of 2018, my weight more or less stayed the same. If I attempted to go off keto, I rapidly gained 10 lbs, which I would then lose slowly when I went back on. I felt trapped a bit, although it was better to do keto at 215 than not and be at 240 and climbing.

I have been a long time reader of Miles Kimball’s blog, Confessions of a Supply Side Liberal. In the last couple years, he has changed his focus from supply side economics to diet and health (fortunately for me). Between him and Gary Taubes (who I learned about via Econtalk), I have been convinced of the insulin-centric theory of weight change. Essentially, eating a lot of foods with a high GI for extended periods lowers your body’s response to insulin and thus makes you more hungry and gain weight faster.

Keto worked fairly well for me, but it was a difficult diet for a few reasons.
1. Eating with other people is very difficult. You can only eat foods without carbs, so that means you can’t eat at restaurants, parties, potlucks, etc.
2. There’s a lot of prep work.
3. Food choices are limited.
4. I had health issues with it. Perhaps I could have refined my diet and been more careful with nutrients, but basically as practiced, I don’t think I was eating as healthily as I could have been on a non-keto diet.
5. It’s more expensive than non-keto diet.

Intermittent Fasting has worked quite well for me in the last 4 months. I dropped 5 lbs quite quickly and have hovered around 210 ever since. I only fast 2 24 hour periods per week, which to me seems really easy compared to keto. I feel like if I want to lose weight, I just do 22 hour fasts until I’m at the weight I want to be and if I want to eat normally, I just do. Socially, there is basically no pressure, since if you go to a party or whatever, you can eat normally with no special foods required and then when you get back, just don’t eat for 20 hours. If you overeat one meal and feel fat, just fast for a day. No matter how much you eat in one meal, a day of fasting will take care of it.

Fasting itself is much easier than I thought it would be. Sleeping resets my “hunger clock”. No matter how hungry I am going to bed, I wake up feeling normal. After 2 days of doing 22 hour fasts, I do start to feel empty, but honestly, for single day fasts, the hunger isn’t too bad. Eating high fat/fiber meals for your daily meal helps a lot too.

I don’t want to be one of those annoying evangelical dieters who goes around telling people “oh, you’re fat – try the diet I’m doing”. Honestly those kinds of people are insufferable. Instead, I’ll just write a blog post about it. If you’re fat and don’t want to be and want a new approach, try fasting. I like it, maybe you will too.

My Favorite Ships in World Of Warships

April 9, 2019

Tier 2
V-25 – This ship is lightning fast, tiny, and has forward firing torps. It greatly rewards an insanely aggressive playstyle that you can’t find at the higher tiers.

Tier 3
Katori – I love this ship simply because of how insanely quirky it is. There’s just nothing else even remotely like it. It’s the slowest ship in the game at 18.9 knots, is rather fragile, and only has 4 guns which don’t do a lot of damage and have quite lazy arcs. However, the guns have decent fire chance and are incredibly accurate. I’m not sure if it actually has the best sigma in the game, but in my experience, you either hit with all four shots or you hit with none of them – even at max range! If you know how to aim, this ship will reward you. However, it’s not an easy ship to play by a long shot.

The Vampire is also quite good, but has a more normal gunboat DD playstyle. The Valkyrie is very similar if you want a non-premium DD.

Tier 4
Shen Yang – Clemson guns at tier 4 (albeit fewer of them) and deep water stealth torps, and quick smokes makes a great combo at this tier with many players who haven’t figured out how to dodge unspotted torps.

Tier 5
Tier 5 is in a rough spot with MM right now. It’s pretty tempting to only want to play the OP premiums that have long been removed from sale: Kamikaze, Guilio Caesare, Gremy, etc. However, I’m going to pick the Emile Bertin. It’s extremely fast and has decent guns.

Tier 6
There’re a lot of solid tier 6s and it’s the first tier of Warships that I really consider well developed and well balanced. The Shinonome has great, fast firing torps and good guns. There are many great cruisers at this tier: Graf Spee, Leander, Budyonny, La Galissonniere, and Aoba are all great. The Warspite is my favorite BB at this tier with great guns, the improved heal, and decent speed and armor.

Tier 7
The Blyskawica was the second premium I ever bought and so holds a special place in my heart. It’s been pretty power creeped these days, but I still like the playstyle. The Shiratsuyu is probably my favorite tier 7 DD.

My favorite CA at this tier is the Fiji with a huge toolkit of consumables and fantastic DPM. The tier 8 and 9 RN CAs just don’t seem to improve much from the Fiji and by the time you get to the Minotaur, its just too fragile for my tastes.

I don’t really have a favorite tier 7 BB, but I don’t own a Nelson or a Scharnhorst and those are the two that everyone talks about as very good. I’ve had quite good results with the Ashitaka. You can’t argue with ten 410 mm guns at tier 7.

Tier 8
My favorite DD at tier 8 is the Harekaze. It’s got both great guns, torps, speed, and concealment. You can’t really ask for much more in terms of a jack of all trades DD. The Charles Martel is my favorite cruiser with good all around stats and the reload booster adds another tactical dimension to play. There are many solid silver ship picks for battleships at tier 8 with the Amagi, the Bismark, and the North Carolina all being excellent.

Tier 9
All the tier 9 premiums are very strong. The Kronstadt is my favorite cruiser. Yes, the accuracy of the guns is bad, but they’ve got good DPM and amazing penetration on the AP. It’s a very tanky cruiser which gives you staying power that other cruisers lack. The combination of long range radar and high velocity guns allow you to punish aggressive DDs.

For DDs, I like the Kitakaze. It’s guns create an unending torrent for fire for anything unlucky enough to be in range. The Z-46 is also amazing with the combination of long range hydro, good concealment, and fast reloading torpedoes.

My favorite BB is the Jean Bart. In a straight up BB brawl, it’s not all that great, but it excels at fighting cruisers and even DDs. The speed and reload booster allow for interesting strategies that other BBs just aren’t able to perform, like moving to unexpected early game positions and then exploiting the resulting broadsides hard.

Tier 10
Grozovoi – Ever since the rework, the Grozovoi has been downright over powered. The guns are just fanstastic, especially with a good captain. I don’t go for a full gunboat build, but even with a hybrid build (PT, PM, LS, AR, SE, SI, DE, CE), it can gun down most enemy DDs you encounter and with 6.0 km concealment, you can get the drop on them easily. You have the AAA to make enemy carriers think twice about dropping you, and the torps are decentish.

My favorite tier 10 cruiser is the Moskva, mostly because of the amazing guns. I just unlocked the Hindenburg and have been enjoying that as well. I don’t really have a favorite tier 10 BB. The Yamato’s guns are good, but the playstyle is rather boring. Maybe the GK. That’s pretty good and very tanky.